Interinstitutional Agreement between the European Parliament

The European Union is the world`s largest exporter[226] and, in 2008, the largest importer of goods and services. [227] [228] Internal trade between Member States is supported by the removal of barriers to trade such as customs duties and border controls. Unanimity and the difficult issues dealt with in the CFSP sometimes lead to differences of opinion such as those that arose in the context of the war in Iraq. [196] The financial framework is set out in Annex I. It provides the reference framework for interinstitutional budgetary discipline. On 31 January 2020, the UK will be the first Member State to leave the EU. [20] Following a referendum in 2016, the UK expressed its intention to withdraw and negotiated a withdrawal agreement. The United Kingdom is in a transitional phase until 31 September. December 2020, in which it remains subject to EU law and is part of the EU`s single market and customs union. Previously, three member state territories had left the EU or its predecessors, namely France`s Algeria (1962 after independence), Greenland (1985 after a referendum) and St. Barthelemy (2012). Price controls and political interventions in the market have led to significant overproduction. These were intervention stocks of products bought in by the Community in order to maintain the minimum price level.

For the disposal of surplus stocks, they were often sold on the world market at prices well below the prices guaranteed by the Community, or farmers were offered subsidies (equal to the difference between the Community price and the world market price) for the export of their products outside the Community. This system has been criticised for undermining farmers outside Europe, particularly in developing countries. [263] Proponents of the CAP argue that the economic support it provides to farmers ensures a decent standard of living. [263] EU troops have been deployed in peacekeeping missions from Central and North Africa to the Western Balkans and Western Asia. [212] EU military operations are supported by a number of entities, including the European Defence Agency, the European Union Satellite Centre and the European Union Military Staff. [213] Frontex is an EU agency created to manage cooperation between national border guards who secure their external borders. The aim is to detect and stop illegal immigration, human trafficking and terrorist infiltration. In 2015, the European Commission presented its proposal to create a new European Border and Coast Guard Agency which, together with national authorities, will have a stronger role and mandate in border management.

In an EU of 27 members, substantial security and defence cooperation increasingly relies on cooperation between all Member States. [214] Initially, EU environmental policy focused on Europe. More recently, the EU has shown leadership in global environmental policy, . B the role of the EU in the ratification and entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol despite opposition from the United States. This international dimension is reflected in the EU`s Sixth Environment Action Programme[274], which recognises that its objectives can only be achieved if important international agreements are actively supported and properly implemented, both at EU and global level. The Treaty of Lisbon has further strengthened leadership ambitions. [271] EU law has played an important role in improving the protection of habitats and species in Europe, thus contributing to improved air quality, water and waste management. [272] The first round of negotiations took place on April 16, 2018, followed by a second round on June 12 and a third round on February 19, 2019.

Talks were suspended ahead of european parliament elections in May 2019. On the 16th. In June 2020, representatives of the three institutions met again to resume talks and reaffirm the relevance of such an interinstitutional agreement. Further meetings were held on 6 October and 24 November, during which it was noted that provisional agreement had been reached on a number of key issues. The three institutions finally reached a comprehensive political agreement on 15 December 2020. This proposal was approved by Parliament on 27 April 2021, followed by the Council on 6 May. The agreement was officially signed on 20 May 2021 and published in the Official Journal on 11 June 2021. On 19 May 2015, the First Vice-President of the European Commission, Frans Timmermans, presented the Better Regulation Package, in which the Commission committed to “provide better rules for better results” and to design EU policies and legislation in such a way that their objectives are achieved at minimal cost. .